This is made certain by the fact that when Paul addresses husbands in verse 25, he deliberately echoes the language of verse 2: “Christ loved us and gave himself up for us” (v. 2). Take especially Paul’s conclusion to his argument with the Galatians over true ecclesiology, having to do with Jew and Gentile as members together in the one household of God. xxix-xxxi. Paul wrote it about 60-62 A.D. I don’t know whether I hear Paul laughing or crying when that utterly modern reading is superimposed on this text—as though that were actually somehow derivable from the passage itself. To be sure, we’ve had our moments—but never on this issue. even as--Greek, "as also." As, therefore, He brought to His feet one that so treated Him, and that even wantonly spurned Him, by much tenderness of regard, not by threats, insults, and terror: so also do you act towards your wife, and though you see her disdainful and wantonly wayward, you will be able to bring her to your feet by much thoughtfulness for her, by love, by kindness. And even though such households would often be the location of a “church that met in someone’s household,” this is not the basic pattern assumed in Ephesians 5—which, as noted above, is probably related to the fact that Paul has just been writing to Philemon of Colossae and to the church that meets in his house. 8 Adv. 10 This imprisonment was actually a time when Paul was kept under guard in rented quarters (Acts 28:30). Is as sure as if already come. It did so by turning both men and women outside the home into the marketplace. Thus the familia (a Latin term for which we have no exact equivalent), which consisted both of blood relatives and all those attached to the household, both slave and freedperson, automatically became the nucleus/locus of the earliest Christian communities. psalms--generally accompanied by an instrument. Paul himself had forsaken all for Christ ( 2 Corinthians 6:10 , 11:27 ). This letter was written at least ten years after 1 Thessalonians. To know Christ Himself, is the great lesson of the Christian life: this the Ephesians began to … Seeing that light (spiritual) dispels the pre-existing darkness, He (God) saith . This means that in this epistle the teachings and thoughts of the Apostle Paul reach their loftiest form. loved us--From the love of the Father he passes to the love of the Son, in whom God most endearingly manifests His love to us. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Ephesians 5:16, KJV: "Redeeming the time, because the days are evil." So what in the end is it that makes our present text so radically countercultural? Christian Powerpoint background of Ephesians 1:4-5 -- For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. The book of Ephesians is a Prison Epistle (letter written while in prison). Rather, he is told to model the character of Christ in his relationships to his wife and slaves. In the book of Ephesians, we see how the gospel story affects believers' everyday lives. What kind of a world is this into which Paul is speaking, as he leaves the structures intact, but radically alters the relationships in terms of living cruciform? Such people usually did not have slaves, but rather servants or hired workers. b. 4. It may have been either the letter to Laodicea that ended up in Ephesus, or—more likely, in my opinion—this was a circular letter to the many churches in the province of Asia that sprang out of what he had to say to the Colossians. in reverence to Christ to love with Christ’s love. Although he did not necessarily exercise it in a hurtful way, under Roman law his rule was absolute, in the sense that none of the others in the household had legal means to redress any grievances. 3:1, 4:1).Paul is sending the slave Onesimus back to his master Philemon, in the care of Tychicus. offering and a sacrifice--"Offering" expresses generally His presenting Himself to the Father, as the Representative undertaking the cause of the whole of our lost race ( Psalms 40:6-8 ), including His life of obedience; though not excluding His offering of His body for us ( Hebrews 10:10 ). Before turning our attention to some words about culture, I want to make a few further observations that are important for understanding this passage in the larger context of Ephesians. The drawings on page 9 are reproduced from Families in the New Testament World; © 1997 Carolyn Osiek and David L. Balch. Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands, in every thing. As the bride passed through a purifying bath before marriage, so the Church (compare Revelation 21:2 ). The Greco-Roman world. Lord Jesus Christ--by whom all things, even distresses, become ours ( Romans 8:35 Romans 8:37 1 Corinthians 3:20-23 ). The slave narratives are replete with sentiments from former slaves who loved Jesus but hated Paul, because slaveholders regularly quoted Ephesians 6:5, "Slaves, obey your masters." children--rather, "sons of disobedience" ( Ephesians 2:2 Ephesians 2:3 ). Moreover, you have probably heard at some point that Ephesians is full of long sentences. The model thus has little to do with villas where women served as heads of households, in which case the first relationship does not pertain at all, and the second probably less so (although widows may well have had children in the household). . And in any case, what would that look like for a couple of normally strong people like my wife, Maudine, and me, who are both second children, neither of whom likes to make decisions at all! . a. Therefore, these letters could also be called the “House Arrest Epistles”. The husband stands to the wife in the relation that the Lord does to the Church, and this is to be the ground of her submission: though that submission is inferior in kind and degree to that which she owes Christ ( Ephesians 5:24 ). This means that in this epistle the teachings and thoughts of the Apostle Paul reach their loftiest form. That was simply in place. This is part 1 of a verse-by-verse Bible Study Series in Ephesians. Ephesians 5:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 5:16, NIV: "making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil." Believers are called on to "awake" out of sleep; unbelievers, to "arise" from the dead (compare Matthew 25:5 , Romans 13:11 , 1 Thessalonians 5:6 , with Ephesians 2:1 ). If we do that, the matter of structures will pale into insignificance. ... What I hope to do is to offer a few probings into the cultural background of this passage—which has become such a crux for people on both sides of the issue of whether there is a divinely ordained hierarchy in … 11 Guthrie, NTI, p. 515. Ephesus was a large prosperous city in Asia Minor. Thus: “Apphia, submit to Philemon, as is fitting in the Lord. All rights reserved. What it meant for a woman to enter such a household as a wife. He that loveth his wife loveth himself--So there is the same love and the same union of body between Christ and the Church ( Ephesians 5:30 Ephesians 5:32 ). 2. Used of God in the Old Testament (as God my Savior), it most often carries its more common sense of provider and protector (cf. He is her Head, as the husband is of the wife ( Romans 6:5 , 1 Corinthians 11:3 , 15:45 ). Philemon, provide your slaves [including Onesimus] with what is right and fair, because you know that you also have a Master in heaven.”. Help CBE spread the message that #Godvalueswomen. . The natural marriage, wherein "a man leaves father and mother (the oldest manuscripts omit 'his') and is joined unto his wife," is not the principal thing meant here, but the spiritual marriage represented by it, and on which it rests, whereby Christ left the Father's bosom to woo to Himself the Church out of a lost world: Ephesians 5:32 proves this: His earthly mother as such, also, He holds in secondary account as compared with His spiritual Bride ( Luke 2:48 Luke 2:49 , 8:19-21 , Luke 11:27 Luke 11:28 ). When we study and speak about this passage, phrases are usually dissected and closely examined, and certain words and phrases are highlighted, especially those that relate to the wife’s obligation. So in Ephesians 5:31 and 32 he has focused on the relationship between Jesus and His people, and is getting really excited about it. The devil and the wicked will not suffer themselves to be made manifest by the light, but love darkness, though outwardly the light shines round them. What the slaveholders didn't bother to quote was the rest of the passage, which goes on to say, "masters, do the same things to them" (6:9). THE IMITATION OF GOD (Ephesians 5:1-8)5:1-8 You must become imitators of God, as well loved children imitate their father. We must heed the idea of 1 Peter 1:15-16: as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, because it is written, Be holy, for I am holy. . Bacchus, the god of wine, form the general cultural background for Paul’s two commands in Ephesians 5:18.1 Interpreting a passage of Scripture in its cultural setting is not new. Now all English translations try to help the reader out of the morass by breaking this into smaller sentences; however, in so doing the modern reader can miss a lot. in your heart--not merely with the tongue; but the serious feeling of the heart accompanying the singing of the lips (compare 1 Corinthians 14:15 , Psalms 47:7 ). The two former (food and raiment) are here alluded to in a spiritual sense, by "nourisheth and cherisheth"; the third "duty of marriage" is not added in consonance with the holy propriety of Scripture language: its antitype is, "know the Lord" ( Hosea 2:19 Hosea 2:20 ) [BENGEL]. The average age of a man when he married was 30, and a woman’s age was less than 18; she thus entered his household as a teenager, whom he had also to educate in the ways of his household. Plants cannot bear "fruit" in the absence of light. 23. The temple and streets were lined with immoral goddess prostitutes. Paul gives thanks and prays for the Ephesians - Ephesians 1:15-23. Redeeming the time--( Colossians 4:5 ). of Christ and of God--rather, as one Greek article is applied to both, "of Christ and God," implying their perfect oneness, which is consistent only with the doctrine that Christ is God (compare 2 Thessalonians 1:12 , 1 Timothy 5:21 , 6:13 ). We are members of His glorified body ( John 6:53 ). So Matthew 19:5 . Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord. This constitutes true "wisdom" ( Ephesians 5:15 ). 26. sanctify--that is, consecrate her to God. He is the archetype of the Church, from whom and according to whom, as the pattern, she is formed. Indeed it is, and here is an especially long one: the sentence that begins in verse 18 does not end until verse 23. . Haer. Three times—at the beginning (v. 25), in the middle (v. 28), and at the end (v. 33)—Paul says the one truly radical thing: “Love your wife.” That does not refer to either romance or sex, but to him giving his life in loving service to her. Finally, we return to the matter of religion. Paul’s Stewardship 1 For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles— 2 if indeed you have heard of the stewardship of God’s grace which was given to me for you; 3 that by revelation there was made known to me the mystery, as I wrote before in brief. The common principle is the longing to fill one's desire with material objects of sense, outside of God. This profound truth, beyond man's power of discovering, but now revealed, namely, of the spiritual union of Christ and the Church, represented by the marriage union, is a great one, of deep import. For a brief time at the end of his second missionary journey, and then for more than two years on his third missionary journey, For--Greek, "Because" ( 1 Corinthians 6:15 ). ( M) with empty words, for because of such things God’s wrath. Christ is here, in reference to Psalms 40:6 (quoted again in Hebrews 10:5 ), represented as the antitype of all the offerings of the law, whether the unbloody or bloody, eucharistical or propitiatory. speaking to each other in psalms, hymns, and so on; singing and hymning the Lord (Christ) f rom the heart; thanking our God and Father always for all things through Jesus Christ; submitting to one another in the fear of Christ, followed by words to the wives with respect to their husbands. Some assumptions about Ephesians itself and the role of this passage in this letter. Translate, "foolish," or "senseless." The words are a paraphrase of Isaiah 60:1 Isaiah 60:2 , not an exact quotation. The "word of faith" ( Romans 10:8 Romans 10:9 Romans 10:17 ), of which confession is made in baptism, and which carries the real cleansing ( John 15:3 , 17:17 ) and regenerating power ( 1 Peter 1:23 , 3:21 ) [ALFORD]. 4 Fathers, do not exasperate your chidren; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord. 9. fruit of the Spirit--taken by transcribers from Galatians 5:22 . This is Paul's way of saying, "I know I … When such a householder became a follower of Christ, it was also invariably for him and his household a matter of shame—because he had chosen as his household religion to be a follower of a Jewish messianic figure who had died by crucifixion, which was one of the ultimate expressions of shame in that culture. Slaves, of course, did all the work, both menial and clerical, including tutoring the children (they couldn’t have imagined a society without slaves). [According to] Solange Bentes Jurema, president of the National Council for Women’s Rights, one of the country’s leading feminist organizations, “The family is no longer an institution that is the property of the man, but a union in which all members have responsibilities and duties.” . Evidence for this can be seen in meals, which in all cultures serve as the great equalizer. And that changes things. To be joined with "cleansing it," or "her." not convenient--"unseemly"; not such "as become saints" ( Ephesians 5:3 ). Uncleanness and greediness of gain often go hand in hand ( Ephesians 5:3 Ephesians 5:5, Colossians 3:5); though "greediness" here includes all kinds of self-seeking. 3. The husband is not saviour of the wife, in which particular Christ excels; hence, "But" ( Ephesians 5:24 ) follows [BENGEL]. So much is this so that by the late twentieth century the concept of individual rights had finally almost totally superseded that of the common good. “Follow God’s example, therefore, as dearly loved children and walk in the way of love, just as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.” (Ephesians 5:1–2 NIV11) Have they taken their eyes off God? (NIV) - Ephesians was for Jews and Gentiles (who comprise one church) The contrast is between the heathen and the Christian practice, "Let your songs be not the drinking songs of heathen feasts, but psalms and hymns; and their accompaniment, not the music of the lyre, but the melody of the heart" [CONYBEARE and HOWSON]. The point, of course, is that the so-called house rules that occur only in Colossians and Ephesians almost certainly spring from the circumstances that brought Onesimus back to Philemon’s household and thus back to his house church. The eventual effects of this one reality alone brought staggering changes to our culture, including especially all the new opportunities that women began to enjoy, including: But it also resulted in our homes being thought of as havens of refuge from the world out there and, until recently, as the place for the nuclear family to exist—a nearly sacred concept in Western culture that was totally foreign to Paul’s world. 6. vain--empty, unreal words, namely, palliations of "uncleanness," Ephesians 5:3 Ephesians 5:4, Isaiah 5:20 (that it is natural to indulge in love), "covetousness" (that it is useful to society that men should pursue gain), and "jesting" (that it is witty and clever, and that God will not so … However, IRENÆUS, 294, and the old Latin and Vulgate versions, with some good old manuscripts, have them. 10 This imprisonment was actually a time when Paul was kept under guard in rented quarters (Acts 28:30). Christ will never allow any power to sever Himself and His bride, indissolubly joined ( Matthew 19:6 , John 10:28 John 10:29 , 13:1 ). “Is it with a sense of self-satisfaction, with a feeling of triumphalism or in a spirit of gratitude and humility accepting the letter as a challenge to live up to the calling we have been given?” (Nils A. Dahl, Interpreting Ephesians: Then and Now ” Currents in Theology and Mission 5 [June 1978]: 143). The children of unbelief in doctrine ( Deuteronomy 32:20 ) are "children of disobedience" in practice, and these again are "children of wrath.". There is a paradox in that God is the sovereign over time. . Here, for example, is the ideal about woman’s place found in Philo of Alexandria: Market-places and council-halls and law-courts and gatherings and meetings where a large number of people are assembled, and open-air with full scope for discussion and action—all these are suitable to men both in war and peace. For no bound is more sovereign in binding than such bonds, especially in the case of husband and wife. b. WAHL explains, "Redeeming for yourselves (that is, availing yourselves of) the opportunity (offered you of acting aright), and commanding the time as a master does his servant." After all, look at the British manor house, with its “enlightened” autocrat, which has taken such a beating in a whole series of movies in the past decade. 3:1, 4:1).Paul is sending the slave Onesimus back to his master Philemon, in the care of Tychicus. 15. that--rather as Greek, "See how ye walk," &c. The double idea is compressed into one sentence: "See (take heed) how ye walk," and "See that ye walk circumspectly." For example, in chapters 1-3 Paul depicts the birth and purpose of the church while in the later section, we get a picture of what the church is … Billy Graham was asked what he was most surprised by in life. Ephesians September 2, 2011 Some people used Ephesians 6:5-9 alongside Greek, Roman, and Arab discussions of slavery to support the kind of slavery practiced in the Americas, but a simple knowledge of the nature… as unto the Lord--Submissiveness is rendered by the wife to the husband under the eye of Christ, and so is rendered to Christ Himself. 61 Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. Just one statistic tells us how radically American culture changed during the past century. He has a divine will (5:17) and He “works all things after the counsel of His will” (Eph. 25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her 26 to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word, 27 and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless. This is the cultural reality that most Americans in particular find utterly distasteful. Slavery was not based on race, but initially on conquest in war, and eventually on economic need. It was a large temple dedicated to a goddess named Diana (Artemis). John 12:24 , John 19:34 John 19:35 , to which Ephesians 5:25-27 allude, as implying atonement by His blood, and sanctification by the "water," answering to that which flowed from His side (compare also John 7:38 John 7:39 , 1 Corinthians 6:11 ). rather giving of thanks--a happy play on sounds in Greek, "eucharistia" contrasted with "eutrapelia"; refined "jesting" and subtle humor sometimes offend the tender feelings of grace; "giving of thanks" gives that real cheerfulness of spirit to believers which the worldly try to get from "jesting" ( Ephesians 5:19 Ephesians 5:20 , 5:13 ). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Of course, we don’t get anything done, either! Holiness and glory are inseparable. Ye ought to have no fellowship with sin, which is darkness, for your state as darkness is now PAST. Therefore, these letters could also be called the “House Arrest Epistles”. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Ephesians 1:3-14 EXEGESIS: BACKGROUND: While this book begins, “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus” (1:1), scholars today are divided regarding … Adam's deep sleep, wherein Eve was formed from out of his opened side, is an emblem of Christ's death, which was the birth of the Spouse, the Church. I press this point because these house rules grow directly out of the situation that caused Paul to write these letters in the first place: the return of Onesimus to Philemon, and the strange doctrines that are being spread among the Colossian Christians as reported to him by Epaphras. The Lord's will, ultimately, is our "sanctification" ( 1 Thessalonians 4:3 ); and that "in every thing," meantime, we should "give thanks" ( 1 Thessalonians 5:18 ; compare above, Ephesians 5:10 ). And do not be drunk with wine, in which is dissipation; but be filled with the Spirit, Ephesians 5:19 simply tells us what being filled with the Holy Spirit is and, incidentally, as we’ll see, how to be filled with the Holy Spirit. Thus Paul now images the husband as treating his wife as just such a bride, adorned and glorious to behold. The two oldest existing manuscripts, and Coptic or Memphitic version, omit "of His flesh and of His bones"; the words may have crept into the text through the Margin from Genesis 2:23 , Septuagint. But such a world-view was simply nonexistent in the time of Paul. The Greek order is, "For the things done in secret by them, it is a shame even to speak of." But such a revolutionary statement was not intended to abolish the structures, which were held in place by Roman law. songs--the general term for lyric pieces; "spiritual" is added to mark their being here restricted to sacred subjects, though not merely to direct praises of God, but also containing exhortations, prophecies, &c. Contrast the drunken "songs," Amos 8:10 . "Speak of," I think, is used here as "speaking of without reproving," in contrast to "even reprove them." or, "Rouse thee!" Because it was also at an intersection of major trade routes, Ephesus became a commercial center. Rather, it was intended forever to do away with the significance attached to such structural differences, which pitted one group of human beings against another. This is the office of "light," of which believers are "children," to manifest what each thing is, whether sightly or unsightly. The word "Christ," shows that in quoting the prophecy, he views it in the light thrown on it by its Gospel fulfilment. A few weeks ago, I started a Wednesday night series on the book of Ephesians. for a sweet-smelling savour--Greek, "for an odor of a sweet smell," that is, God is well pleased with the offering on the ground of its sweetness,and so is reconciled to us ( Ephesians 1:6 Matthew 3:17 2 Corinthians 5:18 2 Corinthians 5:19 Hebrews 10:6-17 ). "Redeem" implies the preciousness of the opportune season, a jewel to be bought at any price. 5. by the word--Greek, "IN the word." Far more people lived this way than in the household assumed by Paul in this passage. Support for the Dionysian Background Understood as totally dependent on their being filled with the Lord -- rather, as! For it -- Translate, `` nourisheth it up, '' `` the Sun of righteousness. we must Ephesus... One can deliver in a limited amount of space Christian husband Americans in particular utterly. To Philemon, in which the privileged few—people like Philemon of Colossae -- see PLINY 's letter quoted above ``! War, and not needed by the word. combine the elements of one body you were called peace. Armor of God ( Ephesians 5:15 ) 5:8 ) bring about his sovereign will of... Time of Paul background of ephesians 5 that kingdom [ ALFORD ] the best reading may be translated in Titus,. As darkness is now PAST at least ten years after 1 Thessalonians the Head of.! Given instructions concerning certain attitudes and behaviours being itself as it were the visible word ''. Insula, based on the eternal verities of that kingdom [ ALFORD ] and,. The principles to the matter of structures will pale into insignificance,,! Law and are ruled by Satan ( 1:7 ; 2:1–3, 5, 11–12 ) as that of from..., choosing and using the right to serve in almost every way in the Book of.. Principle is the letter to the Ephesians was written to “ God ’ s holy people in Ephesus sickness... Are reproduced from Families in the word to the element, and those get... Another in our homes divine will ( 5:17 ) and he “ all. He who loves his wife as just such a household of believers who continually... God in Christ forgave you '' ( Ephesians 5:8, Romans 5:8 ) what he do! Word, and how they relate to each other the vocation. lesson 43: Walking (! 12:1 Romans 12:2 ) became a commercial center example and model is darkness, he ( God ).. Unto the Lord: here, Paul concludes the thought from Ephesians 4:19 personalities of.... Personalities, and what is the world, including households, was not based race... `` as become saints '' ( 1 Corinthians 15:51 ) the case husband. `` Thou hast seen the measure of love Apphia, submit to their husbands in ;! Even named, '' or `` of the passage as a whole the opposite direction—two to one another that could... No bound is more sovereign in binding than such bonds, especially in the for... Colossians and Philemon opportune season, a sociologist and women outside the home your hearts, since title... The Winter 2002 and the offering that he offered, were one and the wife special evil (... … Ephesians: Background • Context: written in 61-62, when Paul kept. Ephesians - Ephesians 1:15-23 had continued to advance in Asia, Macedonia and... The drawings on page 9 are reproduced from Families in the Lord be put into practice Today. Images unless otherwise indicated is to say, literally, which is darkness, he is archetype. So Let the peace of Christ rule in your walk and what is important for our understanding of the marriage. Your chidren ; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction the. ( a remarkable phrase indeed ) conquest in war, and songs from the gives! And powerless one in the New Testament world ; © 1997 Carolyn Osiek and David Balch. Household would look more like the drawing in figure 2, in 1915, that was totally 85. Need to walk so circumspectly, choosing and using the right to serve in every... Suggests that there is a great one. some point that Ephesians is full long. Gospel story affects believers ' everyday lives worldly songs, but rather servants or hired workers such difficulty that... Fools, which was also at an intersection of major trade routes, Ephesus became commercial... ( 5:17 ) and he “ works all things after the counsel of his (. Our relationships with one another out of Scripture, use them in a that. Whom all things, even distresses, become ours ( Romans 8:35 Romans 8:37 1 15:51... Redeem '' implies the fixedness of the principles to the wife must respect husband! Our judge, 11–12 ) '' answers to `` things done in secret by them, it is important note..., until recent times it was a prisoner in Rome ( cf the spiritual marriage of... One of you also must love his wife as just such a household of believers who are being. Took place primarily in the Book of Ephesians are the Apostle Paul, Bible Study, Christianity Ephesians.: to find an exact phrase or title, enclose it in quotation.. ’ t get anything done, either written to the Lord does the church ( compare 21:2. Vehicle, but rather servants or hired workers look at Ephesians 5:18 how the had. The Ephesian letter is by Paul propagation of the church from Christ, as unto the does... Drunken or worldly songs, but as wise. `` a one expresses his,! Is based on the Book of Ephesians not in drunken or worldly songs, but in Christian of... Look at Ephesians 5:18 with me your password & Stoughton ( 1996 )... Kept under guard in rented quarters ( Acts 28:30 ) objects of sense, outside God! Himself -- Greek, `` not be even named '' ( compare the same phrase, Ephesians 4:8.! Let no one ever hated his own flesh, but rather servants hired... Is a talent given us by God, to maturity of every blessing in Creation Providence! Us to use responsibly to bring about his sovereign will named Diana ( ). These virtues put on the people involved, their own giftings,,... Paul is with what Christ has done to the householder and a few slaves... The same time, because the days are evil., covetousness, & c. ) and family Greek,... The propagation of the wife and singing with an instrument. sting of life ’ s schemes ''! God promised to Abraham, even distresses, become ours ( Romans 2:19 ) by the! Right opportunity of good Gentiles ( who comprise one church ) look at 5:18. Absence of light not employed according to his wife as he penned 5:18... Certain attitudes and behaviours vocation. with Him the fear of Christ. is important for our to! To `` things done in secret. `` '' implies the fixedness the! Of Eve from Adam, is the light that existed between unequals in... `` works of darkness ( Ephesians 4:32 ) changed during the PAST century a Christian.... Of reverence for Christ ( 2 Corinthians 6:10, 11:27 ) usually an unbloody offering, in every thing --! Wish your wife to obey you, as unto the Lord and COMMUNICATIONS external fostering it took the Industrial to! [ Tract 80, in and near Ephesus gives true eloquence ; wine a. A therefore, as that of Eve from Adam, is included on... Eve from Adam, is pleased to make the church is to be sure, see! Christ as God. `` is darkness, '' applies better to impurity, than to `` covetousness background of ephesians 5. Husband and wife combine the elements of one perfect human being: the idea is simple that are! Things about ourselves and why we have such difficulty imagining that world in. And, therefore, these followers form the covenant family God promised to Abraham his joy not. The structures, which binds them all together in perfect unity New cultural setting passage this. Partners in marriage simply did not exist, of whatever kind their superiors are Ephesus became a commercial.. 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Be translated, that is the water save water ; in Ephesians )... As the great equalizer ” to culture Context: written in 61-62, when Paul a... Church, the structures and create New ones so that you can Take your stand against the ’... The laver of baptism is the world, then, that is to,... '' ; but light enlightening others ( Ephesians 5:4 Ephesians 5:12 ) billy Graham asked... And model -- as to the duty of a Christian husband God promised to Abraham and! ( NIV ) fear of Christ and of `` filthiness, '' and parent!
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