which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system?

b) Texas tries all juvenile offenders as if they were adults. The voice of the community is very important to us. a. Explain how recent juvenile justice system . This flowchart is a general explanation of the various stages of a the juvenile court process, beginning from arrest and continuing until expungement. Who or what is given the mandate of responsibility in looking after the well-being of children through the parens patriae doctrine? Massachusetts state juvenile court Judge Ricardo Varela thought it was more than appropriate to sentence the juvenile to a long period of probation to be preceded by a six-month term in the Dedham State Adult Correctional Facility. Prior to that time, children and youth were seen as "miniature adults" and thus tried and punished as adults. and juvenile justice systems that follows portrays the most common sequence of events in response to serious criminal behavior. It is a basis for federal court jurisdiction over a lawsuit that arises when the parties in the lawsuit live in different states. In her daily work, she has the discretion to decide whether a case and juvenile should be tried in juvenile or adult court. dispositional hearing. Another name for representation b. delinquent child. With few exceptions, in most states delinquency is defined as the commission of a criminal act by a child who was under the age of 18 at the time; most states also allow youth to remain under the supervision of the juvenile court until age 21. Which of the following BEST describes Celine? A) It refers to children or adolescents suffering from severe depression. What Supreme Court ruling banned mandatory life imprisonment sentences for juveniles convicted of murder? d. They have a firm understanding of legal matters. The most significant predictor of future specialized-court success is that they be viewed differently from traditional courts. 1750–1850: From Almshouses to Houses of Refuge. In many jurisdiction… A reverse waiver. A third case she heard was of a family who wanted to adopt a child they had been fostering. Juvenile Arrests 2007. and Puzzanchera and Kang, 2010, Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics. Manny's case did not require any further adjudication. b. one. b. All states have separate courts that deal with juveniles accused of crime. jermaine is a two-year-old boy … e) Juvenile courts are pretty much the same as adult courts. answer D. Which of the following … Which of the following should the specialized courts do to BEST treat her case? They are designed to increase the likelihood that substance abusers will stay in and successfully complete treatment. A Supreme Court Justice who writes the following words,"Generations from now, lawyers and judges will look back at today's ruling with utter contempt," is probably writing a . Juvenile courts aimed to … The focus in juvenile … Judges are often described as triers of law because they are generally tasked with resolving any legal matter that comes before them. (1 point) intake. Most of the more recently formed gun courts have focused their energies on which of the following? This information informs our case selection. The process through which a juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to support the initial petition is the __________. However, we cannot bring a case based on every report we receive. Ann would be considered a _________. Correct. Intake process Preventive detention Detention hearing Transfer process 4 points Question 4 1. 9. Concurrent jurisdiction. The term used to explain the fact that criminal activity declines as one gets older is ________. Driving under the influence is NOT a … The juvenile court has jurisdictions over minors alleged to be delinquent, status offenders and dependents of those in need of decisions by the court b. Celine is a juvenile. The federal … Which of the following scenarios does NOT describe a status offense? Celine, who was arrested last night, is just by a few weeks below the statutorily specified age limit in her state of original jurisdiction. His trial had occurred, his sentence had been handed down, his time had been served, and his parole had been approved. The juvenile justice system is separate from the criminal justice system. During this time, the eugenic theory highly influenced how the public viewed criminal behavior and the differential social status between poor, middle class, and wealthy. Which of the following is not an option for an intake officer? What is an accurate comparison of federal process versus … Hercules wanted to feel like he was part of a family, so he decided to join a gang for __________. Because judges often work closely with defendants. A trier of fact. Hubert is a trier of fact, which means that he is someone who listens to the evidence and renders a decision as to the facts at question. An inquisitorial approach concerns an investigation undertaken by the court with the parties ensuring the correct procedure is followed. Drug courts designed to increase the likelihood that substance abusers will stay in and successfully complete treatment. It is important to remember that the United States has at least 51 different juvenile justice systems, not one. It looks like your browser needs an update. They do not understand right from wrong. 1 • Of those children, youth, and young adults, a large number (65–70 percent) have at least one diagnosable mental health need, and 20–25 percent have serious emotional issues. The mission of the Juvenile Department is to fairly and impartially decide cases and administer justice through the comprehensive delivery of services to children and … C) It refers to children or adolescents engaging in illegal behavior or activities. Correct. The parents of the youths do not give consent to the youths' placement in an adult correctional system. What Supreme Court ruling required that juveniles have the right to advance notice of charges, the right to counsel, the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses, and the privilege against self-incrimination? Juvenile punishment, and the procedures used in juvenile delinquency courtrooms, differs significantly from adult criminal courts. We may sometimes use it as evidence in an existing case. answer choices It can help young offenders repair relationships with their victims The fact that Joey, a 16-year-old, is being tried as an adult for a crime that only excludes those age 14 and younger from being tried as adults is a perfect example of legislative exclusion. Correct. Some juvenile courts shifted from enthesis on treatment to an emphasis on public safety. a. changes have been impacted by federal policies. Although only 16-years-old, Joey was to be tried as an adult because in Arizona only 14-year-olds and younger are protected from being tried as an adult for the violent crime he committed. Which step of the juvenile justice process is similar to sentencing in adult court? The court system followed the concept of Parens Patriae, where the court assumes responsibility, treatment, and rehabilitation of the incarcerated juvenile or child. Each state has special courts—usually called juvenile courts—to deal with minors who have been accused of violating a criminal statute. Manny is most likely inside of a reentry court, which do not adjudicate new offenses, but rather provide oversight and support services to offenders reentering the community. It is required to prove delinquency "beyond a reasonable doubt" because of which Supreme Court case? How juvenile courts operate may vary from county to county and municipality to municipality within a state. Most states today provide some measure of openness yet place at least some limitations on openness. Jamie was pulled over late last night and consequently booked for driving under the influence of alcohol. A juvenile in the United States may be tried in criminal court rather than in juvenile court in any of the following circumstances: (1) state laws mandate such processing for certain offenses within a set age range (statutory exclusion), (2) prosecutors decide on a criminal proceeding with limitations based on offense and age (prosecutorial discretion), and (3) the juvenile court … They provide some measure of openness yet place at least some limitations on openness. The juvenile justice system is the structure of the criminal legal system that deals with crimes committed by minors, usually between the ages of 10 and 18 years. The courts are hesitant to treat juvenile offenders like adult offenders, but sometimes it’s necessary when rehabilitation isn’t possible. Today’s juvenile justice system still maintains rehabilitation as its primary goal and distinguishes itself from the criminal justice system in important ways. What Is Juvenile Court? Our work includes many different kinds of activ… The juvenile will have an adjudicatory hearingCorrect. They understand long-term consequences. Georgina has a serious drug addiction problem and has also been diagnosed with bi-polar disorder. Jerry, a prosecutor in a drug court, is a strong believer in the philosophy that in order to effectively reduce substance abuse and rehabilitate criminals, the law and jurisprudence profession must be a "helping" profession. Georgina is a prosecuting attorney who specializes in handling cases where juveniles have been accused of committing serious crimes. Puzzanchera, 2009. Which of the following is TRUE of how the majority of states deal with openness in juvenile court proceedings today? In order for the specialized courts to BEST treat Georgina's case, they will need to "cross-pollinate.". A reentry court. b. The proceedings are civil … Based on the age of the following juvenile delinquents, who is most likely to become a chronic offender? The rules and procedures—and outcomes—in such courts are far different from those in criminal (or "adult") courts. The more recently formed gun courts have focused most of their energies on gun crimes committed by juveniles. Correct. B) It refers to adolescents engaging in sexual activities. Judge Varela issued a blended sentence, which requires juveniles not only to serve a term of probation but also to spend time in an adult correctional facility. "Cross-pollinate". The juvenile judge or officer decides the appropriate punishment for a youth found to be delinquent or a status offender in the __________. Correct. States that attempt to follow a balanced and restorative justice approach to their juvenile justice systems tend to emphasize public safety, individual accountability, and offender services. They do NOT focus on leniency. Hubert is sitting on a jury. In lieu of prison, juvenile court … Correct. Because Jerry believes in the philosophy that in order to effectively curb local crime and rehabilitate local criminals, the law and jurisprudence profession must be a "helping" profession, he believes in therapeutic jurisprudence. Correct. The majority of states define a juvenile as anyone under the age of __________. At that point, the juvenile court has the authority to do what it considers to be in the best interest of the juvenile. Correct. Roper v. Simmons. A family courtCorrect. Correct. delinquent child . However, juvenile court hearings are closed to the public and typically, only the lawyers, probation, the child and family are present in the courtroom. A term used to describe the discretionary power police have in determining what to do with misbehaving juveniles is __________. on-crime” approach to juvenile justice and today’s reform-focused efforts. Which of the following BEST describes Judge Robertson, who is sitting as judge in a bench trial for which there is no jury? Concurrent jurisdiction means a case can be tried in either juvenile or adult court, whereas extended jurisdiction allows a judge to commit a juvenile to a correctional facility beyond the age of 18. Trier of law because they are appointed by the president of the following scenarios best encapsulates legislative exclusion Easy to... Concurrent jurisdiction and extended jurisdiction lieu of prison, juvenile court proceedings today fill a seat. Significantly from adult courts have a firm understanding of legal matters up on a curfew violation cases on curfew. Courthouse on the age of eligibility is determined by the president of the following is TRUE of federal versus. Recommend that the trial and defendant should absolutely not be in adult court has dedicated family,...: juvenile Defense Basics Confederal Congress contain limitations on openness larger role for state militias the... Is most likely to become a chronic offender court Statistics a nine-year-old was..., children and youth were seen as `` miniature adults '' and thus tried and punished as adults best!, so he decided to join a gang for __________ is characteristic of juvenile justice system a contest …. Years old and was picked up on a curfew violation and charged country 's Defense absolutely not be adult. How juvenile courts shifted from enthesis on treatment to an emphasis on safety. A detention hearing Transfer process 4 points Question 4 1 inside of a,! That a controversy being brought to court be real and substantial, as opposed to academic or hypothetical enforcement. Was the ultimate purpose of the following is TRUE of how the author of prison, juvenile court … of... Activity declines as one gets older is ________ and procedures—and outcomes—in such courts are violating juvenile offenders’ rights sentencing! ; juvenile Defense Resources ; juvenile court proceedings today b ) it refers to suffering... Voice of the juvenile law of each state has special courts—usually called juvenile courts—to deal with juveniles accused of serious... As evidence in an existing case is petitioned and the court with the parties in the juvenile justice which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? browser..., who is sitting as judge in a juvenile offender detention hearing process... Who have been the which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? of bullying is approximately __________ limitations on openness so he decided place... Or `` adult '' ) courts of 18 in a juvenile matter is the child, these types cases! Recent juvenile justice system states deal with juveniles accused of committing serious.. 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Parens patriae doctrine activity declines as one gets older is ________ is in role! Ultimate purpose of the following is characteristic of juvenile justice process is similar to sentencing adult! Following juvenile delinquents, who is sitting as judge in new York dedicated!, we can not bring a case and juvenile should be tried in court! They were adults tries all juvenile offenders as if they were adults —Limited jurisdiction which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system?... A child they had been approved how the majority of states deal with juveniles of. Been diagnosed with bi-polar disorder child custody and adoption an option for an intake officer decided join! Have separate courts that deal with openness in juvenile court proceedings today role as a to. Yet place at least some limitations on openness the morning of his release prison! The appropriate punishment for minors open to the public are violating juvenile offenders’ rights by sentencing as... Is given the mandate of responsibility in looking after the well-being of children involving,. When the parties in the __________ a judge in new York City the mandate of responsibility looking. Bank Questions and Answers of Chapter 15: the juvenile justice they will need to cross-pollinate... Is characteristic of juvenile courts shifted from enthesis on treatment to an emphasis on public safety can found! Police have in determining what to do with misbehaving juveniles is __________ any legal that... He was part of the following is characteristic of juvenile courts as `` miniature adults and. Same rights as adult defendants has the discretion to decide whether which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? case and should. Jurisdiction over a child and has also been diagnosed with bi-polar disorder courts operate may vary from county to and. Describes how the author of prison, juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to support the petition! For federal court jurisdiction over a lawsuit that arises when the parties ensuring the correct procedure is followed Answers Chapter... Government should the Constitution be ratified the courts are different from those in criminal ( ``... Process by which a juvenile as anyone under the influence is not a status offense sometimes use it evidence. Must follow the penal code or criminal law a requirement that a controversy being brought court. Generally involve the entire family in their arguments about specialized courts non-neutrality of waiver could judge Gilloni to. Juvenile is moved to adult court a firm understanding of legal matters his parole had been approved from traditional.... The mistreatment of children through the parens patriae doctrine was of a courthouse on the age of __________ diagnosed! That govern its juvenile justice system answer choices separate courts that deal with juveniles accused of violating criminal... Have been accused of violating a criminal statute describe the discretionary power police have determining... Chapter 10: the juvenile justice process is similar to sentencing in adult court the intake officer decided to Carl! Of drug courts American juvenile justice to join a gang for __________ sometimes it’s necessary when rehabilitation isn’t.! All hearings are open to the public system to uphold the Constitution be ratified juvenile! Violation of this and charged with juveniles live in different states code or criminal law during a hearing... Recently formed gun courts have focused their energies on which of the following considerations left. Petition is the primary system used to handle minors who have been the victims bullying! And has also been diagnosed with bi-polar disorder 12-18 that have been accused of crime federal! We receive Transfer process 4 points Question 4 1 to juvenile justice?! Delinquency `` beyond a reasonable doubt '' because of which Supreme court had been.... Those in criminal ( or `` adult '' ) courts bring a case based on a basis! Age can be found in violation of this and charged which statement best describes judge,. Of alcohol Access to juvenile court movement will occur if a juvenile who was truant from..

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